VICTORIA'S ROCKS, LANDSCAPE & SOILS:
How to find out about the geology and geomorphology of Victoria

1. Geology: You could begin with the single-sheet 1:1,000,000 geology map of Victoria, and then the 1:250,000 geology map series which covers the whole of the State in twenty sheets. Geology maps may be inspected by arrangement in the Map Room at the School of Earth Sciences in Room 349. These maps may also be inspected in the Map Room of the Baillieu Library. They may be purchased at the Minerals Business Centre or Information Victoria (see below). Maps at larger scale are also available for some parts of Victoria, including a series which covers most of the Melbourne area.

2. Topography: Topographic maps at 1:250,000 may be purchased from Information Victoria. Larger scale maps at 1:100,000, 1:50,000, and 1:25,000 are also available. You can obtain advice on the selection and purchase of aerial photographs and photomaps from Vic Image in South Melbourne.

3. More geology: Consult a library copy of the Regional Guide to Victorian Geology, Second Edition 1973, edited by J. McAndrew and M.A.H. Marsden. A coloured geological map at 1:2,500,000 is included in the Guide and also an index map which shows the excursion areas described - these generally have detailed maps.

A later excursion guide covering some different areas is Clarke, I. and Cook, B. (eds) 1988. Victorian Geology Excursion Guide, Australian Academy of Science, Canberra.

4. Regional geological accounts: These may be found in the publications of the Department of Minerals & Energy, e.g. the Memoir series covers Portland, the Grampians, the Murray Basin, Buchan, etc. and you can consult the Bulletins, Underground Water Investigation Reports, Geological Survey Reports series, and so on. In particular, note Bell, G. and others 1967 Geology of the Melbourne District, Victoria, Geol. Surv. Vict. Bull., No. 59, with its useful geological map of suburban Melbourne.

5. General regional accounts: accounts including geology, geomorphology, climate, water resources, soils and vegetation of all regions of Victoria have been published by the Land Conservation Council of Victoria. These reports follow on from an earlier series published by the Soil Conservation Authority which may be consulted for further detail. Another early series of regional reports was published by the Central Planning Authority in the 1950s and early 1960s. Check the Earth Sciences Library.

6. Soils: Technical bulletins of the Department of Agriculture contain detailed soil maps, mainly of northern irrigation areas. A soil map of Victoria at 1:2,000,000 and an account of local soils is given in the Victorian Year Book No. 78 for 1984. The Yearbook series may be consulted for other general articles on Victorian geology and environment. The soil map mentioned was compiled from the sheet series Atlas of Australian Soils at 1:2,000,000 published by CSIRO which includes explanatory booklets.

The Soils Map of Australia at 1:6,000,000 in the Second Series of the Atlas of Australian Resources contains, on its reverse side, an index of detailed soil maps of Victoria, including maps by the Department of Agriculture, the Soil Conservation Authority, Royal Society of Victoria, and CSIRO, and is a valuable source of information. Note that this index is not on later editions of this soil map.

7. The series Terrain Classification for Engineering Purposes: Published by CSIRO Division of Applied Geomechanics, covers the Melbourne, Queenscliff, Sale and other areas at 1:250,000.

8. Climate & Weather: The Bureau of Meteorology has published a booklet on the Climate of Melbourne, and another on The Climate and Meteorology of Australia, as well as other regional reports. A book published in 1995 is The Wonders of the Weather by Bob Crowder at $39.95 from the Commonwealth Government Info Shop.

9. Further local area Information: To obtain further information on local areas, consult the Victorian Locality Index, and also the Index to the Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, both of which are in the School of Earth Sciences Library; these indexes are unfortunately no longer kept up to date.

10. Further publications whose indexes may point to further information include:

Hills, E.S., 1975 Physiography of Victoria. Whitcombe and Tombs, Melbourne

Douglas, J.G. and Ferguson, J.A. (eds), 1976, Geology of Victoria, Spec. Publ. geol. Soc. Aust., 5. (Revised and republished in 1988)

Joyce, E.B. and King, R.L., 1980. Geological Features of the National Estate in Victoria. An inventory compiled for the Australian Heritage Commission, Victorian Division, Geological Society of Australia Incorporated.

(A report which includes descriptions of major geological heritage features in Victoria)

Cochrane, G.W., Quick, G.W. and Spencer-Jones, D., (eds) 1991. Introducing Victorian Geology Victorian Division, Geological Society of Australia Incorporated, Melbourne.

(An illustrated textbook of geology for school and undergraduate use, with much information on the geology of Victoria, and a useful index in the latest printing).

W.A. Peck, J.L. Neilson, R.J. Olds and K.D. Seddon (eds) 1992. Engineering Geology of Melbourne, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp.21-25.

(Detailed accounts of the Melbourne area, but no index)

R.J. Olds and K.D. Seddon (eds),Bird, E.C.F. 1993. The Coast of Victoria. Melbourne University Press, Carlton.

11. Two local scientific journals are:
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria
(a local Victorian publication covering most branches of science, and including special issues on several regions of Victoria e.g. the Western Plains of Victoria including volcanic features are described in Volume 77 in 1964.)
The Victorian Naturalist
(another Victorian journal with articles on local geology)

12. A very useful general reference is:
Duncan, J.S. (ed.) 1982. Atlas of Victoria, Victorian Government Publication, Melbourne.
(especially good for maps of geology, earthquakes, physiography, climate, water resources, groundwater resources, land types (covering also soils) and vegetation at 1:2,000,000 scale with detailed notes.)

13. Where to purchase government maps and reports:

Minerals Business Centre
Energy and Minerals Victoria
8th Floor
240 Victoria Parade
East Melbourne VIC 3002
Tel. 9412 5103
8.30 am · 5 pm Mon · Fri.

Information Victoria
356 Collins Street
Melbourne VIC 3000
Toll Free Tel. 1300 366 356
8.30 am to 5.30 pm Mon · Fri.

Vic Image
171 Clarendon Street
South Melbourne VIC 3205
Tel. 9682 3330
9 am to 5 pm Mon · Fri.
9 am to 1 pm Sat.

NRE Information Centre
8 Nicholson Street (Cnr Victoria Parade)
East Melbourne VIC 3002
Tel. 9637 8080
8.30 am to 5.30 pm Mon - Fri.

Commonwealth Government Info Shop
190 Queen Street
Melbourne VIC 3000
Tel. 9670 4224
9 am to 5 pm Mon · Fri.

A general map seller is:
Melbourne Map Centre
259 High Street
Kew VIC 3101
Tel. 9853 3526
9 am to 5.30 pm Mon - Fri.
9 am to 4 pm Sat.


E. B. Joyce
School of Earth Sciences
The University of Melbourne
VIC 3010
AUSTRALIA
Tel: 03 8344 6523 Fax: 03 8344 7761
Email: Bernie Joyce

Created: 22-Jul-1999
Last Modified: 20-Jun-2001